Hapag-Lloyd guided €2-4 Bn in Earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) for 2023, which would turn out to be the third best year of its operating track record going back to 2003. Hapag-Lloyd has been providing guidance since 2014 prior to its public listing in Nov 2015. An analysis of the Hapag-Lloyd earnings guidance from the past 9 years show Hapag-Lloyd beating their own guidance 6 times and missed only once in 2016. Despite its relatively sound earnings guidance track record, its forecast o