Liners have as much cash as the value of the vessels on their balance sheet, after the last 3 years of  excess super normal earnings. As at the end of 2Q 2023, the 8 major liners that published their balance sheet data have $93bn cash against $106bn PP&E and RoU (Right-of-Use) assets owned and leased, which consists mainly of ships and containers. Cosco, Evergreen, HMM and Yang Ming has higher cash holdings than their PP&E and RoU asset values.